The citadel of Machu Picchu was built by the Inca Empire in 1450, defying the climatic conditions and the geography of the Territory. For this reason, it has become the main tourist attraction in South America. Moreover, in 1981 it was declared by Unesco as a historical and Cultural patrimony of humanity. And in 2007, it was named one of the Seven wonders of the modern world.
What does PATALLAQTA mean? “Pata” translates as “Arriba de” and “Llaqta”, town because it would mean “the city above”. The chronicles indicate that it is the name that the members of the Inca Empire used to point out to the citadel that was built on the slopes of the Cusco region.
Apparently, the real name of Machu Picchu would be Patallaqta. It is said that the Inca Atahualpa asked to be buried in this place, this was extracted from the Chronicles of Juan de Betanzos, classified as the most important of the viceroyalty. The documents were drawn up based on the dialogues he had with the wife of the Inca ruler and others close to the Tahuantinsuyo Empire.
It was in 1987 when the historian Mari Carmen Martin Rubio found the chronicle of Juan de Betanzos titled “The Sum and narration of the Incas” of Betanzos in Mallorca, at the Bartolomé March Library. These documents are important because the two sides of the story are contrasted: that of the conquistadors and that of the settlers of the Tahuantinsuyo Empire.
According to the Chronicles of Juan de Betanzos, the inhabitants of ancient Peru referred to the fortification that was built on the high slopes as “the city above” or Patallaqta. Such documents indicate that the place was in the role of administrative center in both the Sierra and the jungle. On the other hand, the translation of the official name of the citadel of Machu Picchu would mean “old mountain”.
It was recently discovered that the name of Machu Picchu would mean “the eminence of the hills” and not “old mountain” as it was believed years ago. And it is that “Picchu” would have its origins in the word “pico”. This name would be more in keeping with the size and majesty of the Citadel. The same one that receives 3,300 tourists of Peruvian and foreign nationality.
Before concluding, we would like to make a recommendation, it is the House of the Sun Machu Picchu, a hotel in which tourists can enjoy a unique experience, in which they can penetrate with nature and receive the energy of the Peruvian Andes. In addition, its rooms have a magnetic card lock system, digital safety boxes, an exclusive decoration with Andean looms, marble veneers and a closet with ample spaces.
The name of the Inca citadel becomes a more undiscovered mystery, as it happens with the way it was built. However, it remains majestic in the eyes of the world because the people who visit it have the opportunity to appreciate the most beautiful landscapes and receive the millenary Energy of the Sacred Valley.